Occasional Papers in Archaeology No. 1
Early Palaeo-Indian Occupation in the Rice Lake, Otonabee River, and South Kawartha Lakes Watersheds, South-Central Ontario-Research Since 1976
Foreword by Jonathan C. Lothrop, Ph.D., Curator of Archaeology, New York State Museum. Preface by William D. Finlayson, Ph.D., F.R.S.C., Founder of Our Lands Speak Book Series and Occasional Papers in Ontario Archaeology.
Our Lands Speak Occasional Papers in Ontario Archaeology is a superior quality publication series issued on subjects in and affecting Ontario archaeology. The goal of the series is to create additional space to disseminate information about Ontario’s rich archaeological history, including both historic and prehistoric archaeological investigations, as well as important First Nations perspectives. Another objective of this series is to make use of current advances in publication technologies. The print versions of the Occasional Papers include high quality colour illustrations, which few North American journals or monograph series currently offer.
Lawrence Jackson, Ph.D., is one of the foremost Palaeo-Indian scholars and author of this first Paper in Our Lands Speak Occasional Papers in Ontario Archaeology series, Early Palaeo-Indian Occupation in the Rice Lake, Otonabee River, and South Kawartha Lakes Watersheds, South-Central Ontario-Research Since 1976. He trained as a graduate student in archaeology at Trent University, Ontario, and began field work in the 1970s on sites of diverse time periods—petroglyph sites in Nova Scotia, a contact period village in Simcoe County, subarctic caribou interception sites with the National Museum of Canada, and Early Palaeo-Indian research for the Royal Ontario Museum on the shores of glacial Lake Algonquin near modern Georgian Bay.
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Occasional Papers in Archaeology No. 2
The Draper Site, An Ontario Woodland Tradition Frontier Coalescent Village in Southern Ontario, Canada: Looking Back, Moving Forward
Our Lands Speak – Occasional Papers in Archaeology No. 2
The Draper site, excavated in 1975 and 1978, remains the largest and most significant Iroquoian site subject to salvage excavation in southern Ontario. In this innovative study, Dr. William D. Finlayson reviews more than 40 publications, theses, articles, and unpublished reports as a prelude to the reconsideration of some of the key aspects of the site. This includes presentation of a new sequence of expansions of the village, new perspectives on the use of defensive strategies in the planning of the village, and the presence of menstrual houses. Draper is used to define a specialized type of coalescent village, the Frontier Coalescent Village. This study provides new insights into the coalescence of at least five smaller villages, some from Duffin Creek and some from further afield at Draper, and the special mechanisms which made this possible and sustainable.
On a broader scale, the Draper site is situated among the almost 50 Iroquoian sites currently known on the Duffin Creek. A major conclusion of this study is that this drainage was occupied by one or more communities of Iroquoians who were not Huron-Wendat, but rather a community of Iroquoians ultimately contemporary with the Huron-Wendat confederacy which occupied Huronia in the 17th century. The use of Michi Saagiig oral histories provides new evidence in support of the migration theory for the occupation of south-central Ontario by Iroquoians in the latter part of the first millennium A.D. Comparisons are drawn to the Iroquoian occupation of the Crawford Lake area where there was also a long occupation by Iroquoians, at least one community of which were also not Huron-Wendat. The study also elaborates on the Ontario Woodland Tradition as an organizational concept to replace the Ontario Iroquois Tradition.
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– Sheri Andrunyk, Publisher, I C Publishing, Ontario, Canada
–James W. Bradley, Ph.D., Director Emeritus,
Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology in Andover, MA
– Gidigaa Migizi, Knowledge Keeper Michi Saagiig Nation
– Joyce M. Wright, Ph.D.